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  • Crystal Growth

  • At Innovia, PMN-PT and PIN-PMN-PT crystals can be grown along [001] or [110] direction. With our proprietary Vertical Gradient Freeze (VGF) technology, single crystals can be grown along [001] to serve longitudinal mode of application, or along [110] to serve transverse mode of application, thereby minimizing in-wafer property variation and maximizing sensing and actuation performance.